Abstract – Two-dimensional (2D) layered nanomaterials have triggered an intensive interest due to the fascinating physiochemical properties with the exceptional physical, optical and electrical characteristics that transpired from the quantum size effect of their ultra-thin structure. Among the family of 2D nanomaterials, molybdenum disulfide (MoS 2 ) features distinct characteristics related to the existence of direct energy bandgap, which significantly lowers the leakage current and surpasses other 2D materials. In this overview, we expatiate the novel strategies to synthesize MoS 2 that cover techniques such as liquid exfoliation, chemical vapour deposition, mechanical exfoliation, hydrothermal reaction, and Van Der Waal epitaxial growth on the substrate. We extend the discussion on the recent progress in biosensing applications of the produced MoS 2 , highlighting the important surface-to-volume of ultrathin MoS 2 structure, which enhances the overall performance of the devices. Further, envisioned the missing piece with the current MoS 2 -based biosensors towards developing the future strategies.
Corresponding Author: Mohd Khairuddin Md Arshad
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